Zero-Budget Natural farming is a way of cultivating that allows for the natural growth of yields without the use of material composts. It is a one-of-a-kind chemical-free approach that incorporates agro-ecology. The term zero budget refers to the consequence of production with zero net expenditure. ZBNF lowers agricultural costs and encourages the use of natural fertilisers and indigenous seeds. It makes use of biological insecticides. Farmers may safeguard their crops by using cow dung, urine, human excreta, plants, natural fertilisers, and earthworms. It both preserves the soil and reduces the farmer’s investment. Using traditional Indian ways, zero budget farming is the finest method for chemical-free agriculture.
A grassroots peasant movement has grown throughout India. It has achieved widespread popularity in southern India, particularly in the southern Indian state of Karnataka, where it initially emerged. A approximate estimate for the state of Karnataka puts the amount at roughly 100,000 farming households. At the same time, ZBNF leaders claim that the number might be in the millions.
ZBNF properties: Jeevamrutha:
It’s a concoction of old cow pee, manure, water, pulse flour, and dirt. This combination is used as a natural fertiliser on agriculture.
It is mostly used to manage insects and pests, but it is also used to protect seeds.
Bijamitra is a tobacco, green chile, and neem leaf pulp blend.
Acchadana: it preserves topsoil during farming while without destroying it.
Whapasa: The presence of both air molecules and water molecules in the soil, which reduces the need for irrigation.
Why is zbnf required?
According to NSSO statistics, 70% of farmers invested more than they earned. Nothing can be acquired from outside sources in zbnf. Natural resources may be used to make anything.
Simple to maintain:
The zbnf requirements are simply accessible, and preparing all of the essential characteristics will be inexpensive.
Advantages of ZBNF Farming: Lowers farmer costs with no initial investment; farmers’ revenue may improve.
Natural manures will boost soil fertility.
Less electricity and water are required.
Reduces the likelihood of illness attack.
Production quality improves.
Cow dung bacteria breakdown organic waste in soil and create soil for plants.
Disadvantages of ZBNF Farming: ZBNF is not widely available in India.
There isn’t a lot of scientific research being evaluated.
ZBNF is an outstanding low-cost and high-productivity agricultural strategy for Indian farmers.